I. Doctrinal: The Believer’s Spiritual Wealth (Ephesians Chapters 1-3)
A. OUR SPIRITUAL WEALTH IN CHRIST (Ephesians 1:1-14)
1. From the Father (1:1-6) Election refers to persons; predestination to purposes for those persons. God elects us to be saints (set-apart ones). Adoption- the official act of a father who bestows the status of full adulthood on a son of minor status.
2. From the Son (1:7-12) Redemption-Greek word “apolytrosis” being released with payment. Christ has released us with the payment of his blood sacrifice from the penalty, power and the punishment of sin. Forgiveness-the etymological meaning is dismissal or to send away.
3. From the Holy Spirit (1:13-14) Sealing-this is a work of the efficacious work of the Holy Spirit to believer denoting ownership. Earnest- God has given us His Spirit as the “down payment” to assure us that we will experience total redemption and receive God’s promised blessings in glory.
B. OUR SPIRITUAL WISDOM IN CHRIST (Ephesians 1:15-23)
1. Prayer and thankfulness for their faith (15-16) The apostle commences with a prayer of enlightenment for the believers at Ephesus. The prayer was centered around them knowing what Christ accomplished through His vicarious ignominious death on cross and His subsequent resurrection from the dead.
2. Prayer for their spiritual enlightenment (1:17-18a) The apostle Paul intercedes in prayer with specificity. He prayed for the spirit of wisdom (Gk. Sophia-skill to execute knowledge), spirit of revelation (Gk. Apokalypsis-disclosue, to be fully know) and knowledge (Gk. Epignosis-full knowing, complete knowledge).
3. Prayer for their calling in Christ (1:18b) Paul recapitulates the importance of the Ephesians believers have full illumination and understanding of their calling in Christ Jesus.
4. Prayer for understanding Christ’s puissance (1:19-23) The power of Jesus being resurrected was emblematic of how believers should live in victory. We cannot attain our victory through carnal means but our victory is through the shed blood of Christ. v.23 Christ power supersedes principalities (GK. Arche-office of power or ranking power), power-(Gk. Exousia-authority) might-(GK. Dynmais strength) and dominion (Gk. Kyriotes-lordship ruling power).